AP photographer Khalil Hamra is injured in Tahrir Square on Thursday. (AP Photo/Mohammed Abed from cpj.org)
Here is a report from the Committee to Protect Journalists on what is going on in Egypt to silence the media.
“Journalists in Cairo faced assaults, detentions, and threats again today as supporters of President Hosni Mubarak continued their efforts to obstruct news coverage of protests demanding the Egyptian leader’s ouster. While the extent of attacks lessened after a peak on Thursday, ongoing anti-press activities remain at an alarming level that must be halted, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today. In addition, a journalist shot a week ago while filming a demonstration died today, a state newspaper reported…
Just in the last 24 hours, CPJ documented another 10 anti-press assaults, eight detentions, two attacks on newsrooms, and the hacking of a major news website. In all, CPJ has documented at least 101 direct attacks on journalists and news facilities this week, and it’s investigating numerous other reports.”
The BBC also showed scenes of its reporters being mobbed and threatened, as did CNN’s Anderson Cooper, who also wrote this:
“…we would like to be showing you pictures, live pictures, of what’s happening in Liberation Square right now, but we can’t do that because our cameras have systematically been taken down through threats, through intimidation, through actual physical attacks…
I don’t mind telling you I am a little bit scared, because we frankly don’t really know what the next few hours will hold. And I think there’s a lot of people who are scared tonight in Egypt.”
These tactics, combined with the internet kill switch described in Kathleen’s earlier post, are the Egyptian government’s desperate and brutal attempt to keep the whole world from watching. Thankfully, they are failing. Images of what is going on are still getting out and being broadcast around the world; this is critical. The world’s outrage against the regime’s brutality is palpable. This ability to bear witness and to gain public attention is a key element of the non-violent resistance campaigns used so successfully to overcome injustices by Mahatma Gandhi, Rev. King and others. Whether it will be enough to effect reform in Egypt in the near term remains to be seen, but without the world’s witness, I think it is obvious that repression of the protests would be even more brutal and successful protest more unlikely.
These brutal tactics against journalists are becoming the norm during popular uprisings against violent regimes, and also in cases where journalists dare to delve into the underbelly of corrupt societies. They usually don’t garner so much attention. Veronica Guerin in Ireland and Anna Stepanovna Politkovskay in Russia are two cases of reporters who tackled corruption and paid with their lives, and whose stories were reported internationally; but the International Federation of Journalists has documented 300 murders and disappearances of journalists in Russia alone since the early 1990s.
These images also caused me to think about erosion of freedom of the press in the United States. Remember the shocking incident last fall, when an editor for the Alaska Dispatch was forcefully detained by Joe Miller’s security goons? Rarely is intimidation here quite so brazen and overtly threatening, but it is nevertheless growing as a successful tactic to stifle full and honest reporting of the facts. Subtle intimidation is more pervasive, and probably more effective (we saw that Joe Miller’s bullying tactics backfired). As we have seen more frequently, the American media has fallen victim to another method of being silenced: the propagandizing of the right-wing controlled media, combined with the intimidation of mainstream media outlets that are too cowed to fully investigate and report the truth about how policies, politicians, power and power-brokers are manipulating the public and mischaracterizing the public interest.
Nowhere is this truer than in the misinformation about going to war in Iraq and Afghanistan, the hysteria about “Obamacare” and “death panels,” and deficit-hawkish legislators voting for tax breaks for the wealthiest Americans. Yet it happens so pervasively, even on less momentous issues. Remember how Time Magazine reported for a cover story on Palin, based on emails she sent? Or how often her own statements have been reported as truth, without any corroborating evidence or even legitimate inquiry? This is how she has been “enabled.” Remember the “journolists” scandal that surfaced for a day or two, revealing that those journalists who questioned Palin’s implausible birth story were intimidated into not following up and reporting on their suspicions or the huge discrepancies in her often conflicting stories? This is more of the deliberate manipulation of the media. Instead of rifles, water cannons, handcuffs, the weapons of choice are discrediting factual reports and honest reporters, accusations of media “liberal bias,” disinformation and distractions.
The possible combination of media suppression and government control of the internet is especially chilling. The importance of the new, grassroots media, including its newest star, Politicalgates, is especially important to ensure that we can continue to provide the information the public needs to make good decisions about our collective future.